ART HISTORY ( 1875 - 1900 )

Archibald Herman MULLER (1878-1952)

Born in Cochin , Kerela of a German father and an Indian mother , Muller joined the Madras School of Art , where his work was highly regarded . He worked for a time in his brother's photographic studio , but by 1910 he had moved to Bombay where in 1911 he won the Bombay Art Society Award . He enjoyed the patronage of a number of princely states , including Nawalgarh , Jaipur , Bikaner and Jodhpur and painted many narrative pictures , often based upon Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Raja Ravi VERMA (1848-1906)

Raja Ravi Verma was born in Kilimanoor , a small fiefdom in the princely state of travancore (modern Kerela) in 1848 .He was educated at home , as was the tradition in aristocratic houses , and recieved his first painting lesson from Raja Raja Verma . He was able to observe visiting Europeans at work but on the whole was self-taughtn 1873 he won Governor's Gold Medal for his work which gave him instant recognition amongst the Indian nobility and Europeans residing in India who commissioned their portraits to be painted by him . He was the first Indian artist to apply the traditions of Western painting and drawing , such as the use of oil on canvas , perspective and composition to Indian mythology and literature . The result of this experimentation with Indian idioms in a westerm style resulted not in a copy of Western painting but in a new way of looking at Indian art.

Atul BOSE ( 1898 - 1977 )

Bose obtained his diploma in Fine Art from the Goverment College of Art and Craft , Calcutta . This was followed by post - graduate training at the Royal Academy of Art , London , 1924 - 1926 , through a scholarship from Calcutta University . On his return to Calcutta he became principal of the Goverment College of Art and Craft . He was also a founder-secretary of the Academy of Fine Art . Besides being a fashionable society portraitist , Bose was commissioned by the Goverment of India to paint a number of portraits of men of eminence and national leaders to heng in the Victoria Memorial , Calcutta and Rashtrapati Bhavan , New Delhi .

Abdur Rehman CHUGHTAI ( 1899 - 1975 )

Chughtai was born in Lahore in pre-partition India and went to Mayo School of Art in the city . He was a figurative painter and illustrator who was greatly influenced by Mughal miniature painting as well as the prevailing Art Nouveau Movement in Europe at the beginning of the Century . He visited Calcutta and knew Ababindranath Tagore and his style shares much with that of the Bengal School displaying a strong sense of line , scale and form . Like the early Bengal School , he was also influenced by the Art of Japan . Chughtai was a printmaker , having studied the art in London from 1932 - 1936 . He illustrated a number of books from his watercolours and drawings . After independence he became recognized as the foremost painter of Pakistan .

Mukul DEY ( 1895 - 1989 )

Born in 1895 , Mukul Dey , the elder brother of manishi Dey , studied at Rabindranath Tagore's School in Santiniketan from 1905 to 1911 , and with Ababindranath Tagore and Gaganendranath Tagore from 1911 - 1915 . In 1916 - 1917 , he became the first Indian artist to visit USA and Japan . In Japan , he learnt Japenese silk painting from Yokoyama Taikan , Shimamura Kanzan and Tomitaro Hara , whilst it was in Chicago that he learnt etching and engraving from James Blanding Sloan . He also studied at the Slade School of Art in London , under Henry Tonks , Sir Muirhead Bone and Sir William Rothenstein , and at the Royal COllege of Art , from where he recieved a diplome in mural painting . From 1928 to 1943 , he was the first Indian Principal of the GOverment College of Art and Craft in Calcutta . Dey is perhaps best known for his portraits of eminent celebrities and politicians , but he was also a landscape artist and illustrator of a number of books . His work can be found in the National Gallery of Modern Art , New Delhi , Academy of Fine Arts , Calcutta , National Museum , Calcutta and the Victoria & Albert Museum , London .

Basanta GANGOOLY ( 1893 - 1968 )

A celebrated artist of his time , Basanta Gangooly attended the Jubilee Art Academy prior to his admission to the Goverment School of Art and Craft , Calcutta in 1911 , whilst Percy Brown was Principal . In 1917 he was appointed court artist to the Holkar family of Indore , but in 1921 he left for Europe and joined the Academie Julien in Paris , where he received further training under Prof. Boucher . After his return to India , he taught at the Goverment School of Art and Craft in Calcutta in 1928 . Gangooly was a good cartoonist and very able portraitist , besides being a fine musician and vocalist . His work can be found in many of the Goverment and legislative institutions of Calcutta .

Savlaram Laxman HALDANKAR ( 1882 - 1968 )

Born in 1882 , Haldankar showed promise of being a good artist at an early age and enrolled at the Sir J.J.School of Art , Mumbai in 1903 . There , he won almost all the prizes and started showing his work in exhibitions in Mumbai , Madras and Simla , and also at the Royal Society of Artists in London in 1915 . He started the haldankar's Fine Art Institute in Mumbai in 1908 and with others founded the Art Society of India in 1918 , where he was later President . Haldankar was very accomplished in watercolour , but also used oils and painted mostly landscapes and portraits . Examples of his work can be found in the Prince of Wales Museum , Mumbai and at the National Gallery of Modern Art , New Delhi .

Surendranath KAR ( 1892 - 1970 )

He was much influenced by Rabindranath Tagore and studied with both Ababindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose , his cousin and was inducted into the Ashram in Santiniketan as a teacher of art . Later he taught at Kala Bhavan in Santiniketan . Besides being an artist , he was also a talented architect , designing a number of buildings in the town .

Rabindranath Tagore ( 1861 - 1941 )

Born into the wealthy land owning Tagore family in Bengal , Rabindranath os probably best known for his literery achievements , for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1914 . Although he had received some art training as a child , he became an artist relatively late in life and held his first exhibition at the Gallery Pigalle in Paris in 1930 and thereafter he continued to exhibit in India and abroad . Pen and ink , crayon and watercolour tended to be his preferred media and usually on a small scale . He travelled extensively during his long literary career , including to much of europe and USA . Whilst his painting career was short , he was prolific and examples of his work are to be found in many public and private collections in India and Europe .

Ababindranath Tagore ( 1871 - 1951 )

Born into the illustrious Tagore family in Calcutta , he studied under Olinto Gilhardi and Charles Palmer . Pursuing his increasing interest in Japenese painting , he learnt the art of Japenese brushwork under Yokoyama Taikan . Ababindranath then taught at the Goverment College of Art between 1905 and 1915 . He established the Indian School of Oriental Art in 1907 and founded the Bengal School of Art , which was responsible for pioneering the Bengal Revivalist Movement . He exhibited at the Goverment College of Art Exhibition , Calcutta ( 1900 ) , Indian School of Oriental Art , Calcutta ( 1908 ) , the 22nd exhibition of the Society des Peintres Orientalistes Francais , Grand Palais , Paris , which travelled to Belgium , The Netherlands and the Imperial Institute , England ( 1914 ) , and also in a travelling exhibition organized by the Indian School of Oriental Art and The Americal Federation of Art , USA ( 1904 ) and the Athene Gallery , Geneva , Switzerland .

Satish Chandra SINHA ( 1893 - 1965 )

Born in North Calcutta , Satish Sinha attended the Goverment College of Art & Craft , but had to give up after 3 years . After his father's death , he became an agent for an insurance company and magazine articles , thus becoming connected with Macmillian & Co. and the Bengali Journal Basumati . Later he became a teacher at the Goverment College of Art , rising to Vice Principal and officiating Principal . After retirement he became Principal at the Indian College of Arts & Draughtsmanship . His work differed from the prevailing trends of the Bengal School and along with Atul Bose adhered to the more traditional forms of painting often depicting the female figure .

Jamini ROY ( 1887 - 1972 )

Born on Bengal to a middle-class landowing family , Jamini Roy was sent to the Goverment School of Art & Craft , Calcutta at the age of Sixteen to acquire an academic training and technical facility in the western tradition . For his creative inspiration and freedom of expression however , Roy drew from the indigenous culture traditions of India rather than that of Europe . He was particularly influenced by the Kalighat artists of Calcutta . It was his ability to break down the barriers between the indigenous influences and his academic training that resulted in his unique personal idiom , with its strong sense of line , design and colour . He was awarded the Padam Bhusan in 1955 .